The connection between spoken and written language:

  1. spoken language provides the foundation for development of reading and writing;
  2. spoken and written language have a reciprocal relationship;
  3. children with spoken language problems frequently have difficulty learning to read and write, and children with reading and writing problems frequently have difficulty with spoken language.

SLPs (Speech Language Pathologists) include, but are not limited to:

  1. preventing written language problems by fostering language acquisition and emergent literacy;
  2. identifying children at risk for reading and writing problems;
  3. assessing reading and writing;
  4. providing intervention and documenting outcomes for reading and writing; and
  5. assuming other roles, such as providing assistance to general education teachers, parents, and students; advocating for effective literacy practices; and advancing the knowledge base.

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2001). Roles and responsibilities of speech-language pathologists with respect to reading and writing in children and adolescents (position statement, executive summary of guidelines, technical report). ASHA Supplement 21, 17-28. Rockville, MD: Author